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Panorama of the Battle of Volochayev

Panorama "Battle of Volochayev" was created in 1975 by artists Anatoly Andreyevich Gorpenko and Sergey Dmitrievich Agapov. 

In the Russian Far East the Civil War began in 1918 and lasted until 1922, two years longer than in the central regions of the country. The final battles of the Civil War unfolded in 1921-1922 in the Primorye and the Amur Region between the People's Revolutionary Army (NRA) of the Far Eastern Republic (DVR) and the remnants of the White Army of the Supreme Ruler of Russia, Admiral A. Kolchak, who adopted the name "White Army".

The plot of the panorama's canvas is based on the events of February 10-12, 1922: the height of the Battle of Volochayev, namely the assault by the People's Revolutionary Army under V. K. Blucher on the June-Koran hill and the organized retreat of the White Army under V. N. Molchanov toward Khabarovsk. It became one of the decisive battles of the Civil War in Russia. Under the blows of the NRA, the White Army retreated to the Primorye under the protection of the interventionists. After the defeat of the "Khabarovsk campaign", Japan withdrew its last troops from the territory of Primorye, and the intervention ended. The Belopovstans with their families went into exile in Korea and China. In November 1922 the DVR became part of the RSFSR and the Russian Civil War ended.

The Battle of Volochayev revealed most clearly the fratricidal nature of the Civil War. Countrymen, former fellow-soldiers, divided by political and ideological views, fought against each other. After the battle, the local peasants, not caring about the identity of the dead, buried them in mass graves.

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