Includes more than 5,000 exhibits, not including photodocumentary materials, describing the material and spiritual culture of indigenous peoples of the Russian Far East.
The formation of the museum's ethnographic collection began at the end of the last century along with the creation of the museum itself. On March 5, 1895 the local newspaper Priamurskie Vedomosti described the ethnographic collection of the Khabarovsk museum as extremely rich and diverse. Together with the exhibits on Japanese, Chinese and Korean culture it included 1012 items. These are items donated by officials, researchers, writers, travelers and ordinary citizens. An official of special assignments to the Governor-General of the Priamur region P.P. Shimkevich gathered an interesting collection on the ethnography of Evenks, Yakuts, Negidals, Nanai people, the chief of Anadyr district N.L. Gondatti - an extensive collection on the culture of the Chukchi, Sakhalin doctor V.A. Shteigmana - 11 items on the ethnography of the Sakhalin Gilyaks, including two ladles for the heart of a bear killed at a special festival, which became the pride of the museum collection.
In 1914, a Khabarovsk gymnasium student Strizhevsky gave the museum a collection of 29 objects reflecting the life and spiritual culture of the Ulchi of the Ada nomad camp near the village of Nizhnetambovskoye.
In 1927, some items of the ethnographic collection took part in the Exhibition of the art of the peoples of the USSR, dedicated to the 10th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution. Among them is an Udegei woman's winter robe of fish skin, dyed with decoction of alder bark, decorated the edges painted with colored paints and Chinese coins, collected by the head of the Ethnography Department of the museum N.A. Serk from the Udegei people of the Khor River as part of a collection of 50 items.
In 1959, an employee of the museum's Soviet history department, G.V. Taskaeva worked in the Ulch village of Bulava and collected 29 ethnographic objects, most of which are unique: a woman's wedding bib embroidered with white under-skin hair and threads from reindeer aorta combined with silk threads; two luxurious removable collars (one of fur from sable paws, the other woven, with silk embroidered dragons, birds, bats and hooved animals), magnificent examples of wooden dishes with embossed ornaments.
Interesting things were brought from ethnographic expeditions famous researcher Y.A. Sem, museum director V.P. Sysoev, museum staff E.P. Melnichenko and A.A. Ponomareva, art historian of Khabarovsk art and production workshops K.P. Beloborodova and many others.
In 1990, the Khabarovsk Museum of Local Lore established a full-time position of ethnographer, and in 1997, a department of ethnography. From the 1990s to 2021, expeditions to Ulchsky, Tuguro-Chumikansky, Ayano-Maysky, Nikolayevsky, Okhotsky and other districts of the Khabarovsk Territory were carried out. During this period the collection was replenished by T.V. Melnikova, G.T. Titoreva, S.V. Goncharova, E.A. U, V.V. Lebedeva, O.H. Mulloyanova, M.V. Osipova, V.B. Malakshanova, K.E. Peresypkina.