The second place by the number of storage units is occupied by the archeological collection. It includes about 200 thousand items, which represent the material and spiritual culture of the Far East inhabitants from the Stone Age to the beginning of the 20th century.
The beginning of the foundation was laid at the end of the nineteenth century. At that time military men, officials and travelers were collecting antiquities by governors-general's decree. A unique stone tortoise that decorates the facade of the historic building was given as a gift from the Society for Amur Krai's research in 1896. It was brought from the burial mound of the Jurchen military leader, Prince Esikui.
The main part of the museum's archaeological collection was formed during the twentieth century. Scientist, writer, traveler V.K. Arseniev made a great contribution to the discovery and study of ancient monuments of our region. He discovered more than 200 archaeological monuments. The archive keeps things which were collected during expeditions along Far East: it is the collection of stone implements, fragments of pottery, vessels, bronze adornments, objects of ancient warriors' arms from excavations of ancient sites near settlement Chuguevka, from Peninsula Sandy, along the banks of Onon, Soen and others.
The ancient history of the Far East attracted the attention of many famous Soviet scientists. For a long time academic A.P. Okladnikov researched archeological monuments of the region, he gave his collection from the excavations near the Amur sanatorium. A.P. Okladnikov's researches were continued by his pupil, Doctor of History V.E. Medvedev.
In the 1960s, the director of the museum V.P. Sysoev gave the collections he had collected near the villages of Kondon and Evur in Solnechny District. Evur of the Solnechny district.
The Grodekovo Museum collection includes materials from excavations and explorations conducted by museum archaeologists Y.M. Vasiliev, V.N. Kopytko, E. Losan, V.A. Kramintsev, V.A. Deryugin, I.Y. Shevkomud, A.V. Malyavin, M.V. Gorshkov and others. Rich materials representing the ancient cultures of the Far East have been collected: Osipovskaya, Malyshevskaya, Kondonskaya, Voznesenovskaya, Urilskaya, Poltsevskaya, Tebakhskaya, and Okhotskaya.
The archaeological finds also formed its own numismatic collection. It includes 47 Chinese coins from the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907) to the reign of the rulers of the Qing Dynasty, 2 Japanese coins from the reign of Emperor Higashiyama (1688-1710) and coins of Tsarist Russia, which were used as jewelry.